Penulisan al-Quran dengan Rasm Uthmani di antara Tawqif dan Ijtihad
Quranic Orthography with the Uthmani Script: Between Tawqif and Ijtihad
Allah has revealed the Holy Quran to Prophet Muhammad pbuh through the angel Jibreel in stages across a period of more than 20 years. Each time a verse was revealed, the Prophet would summon the recorders of revelation to document it. The Prophet pbuh passed away after all verses had been revealed. They were written and kept at the Prophet’s house, but the orders of the verses and chapters were still disarranged. During the governance of Caliph Abu Bakar al-Siddiq RA, the al-Quran was copied into a Mushaf. The verses were corrected in order, but the chapters not. It was kept at Abu Bakar RA’s home until his passing, and then at Umar bin Khattab RA’s home. During the time of Uthman bin Affan RA, the al-Quran was copied into several identical Mushafs, which were then distributed to large Islamic cities along with muqri’s. This study attempts to investigate whether the writing of the al-Quran is done by tawqifi, that is under the direct instruction of the Prophet pbuh based on the revelation, or merely the result of ijtihad from the recorders of revelation. Scholars have differing views on this matter. To accomplish this objective, library research was done to obtain materials concerning this topic and to analyze them under the guidance of accredited naqli and aqli proofs. The results of this study are beneficial for the Muslim society in defending the authenticity of the al-Quran al-Karim writing from the attacks of opponents.