Maʿālim al-Qurʾān wa al-Sunnah <p><img style="float: left; width: 300px; height: 347px;" src="" alt="Smiley face" /></p> <p align="justify"><strong>Journal of Maʿālim al-Qurʾān wa al-Sunnah </strong>is a biannual, trilingual (Malay, English, and Arabic), peer-reviewed journal published by USIM Press (Penerbit USIM) that aims to promote the study of the Qurʾān and the Sunnah from a wide range of scholarly perspectives. <strong>Maʿālim </strong>publishes original research based article, concept paper, review paper, case study, in the area of Quran and Sunnah studies that relates directly or indirectly to all fields of natural, technological, social and human sciences.<br /><br /><strong>Journal of Maʿālim al-Qurʾān wa al-Sunnah </strong>is available online. Printed versions are only available upon request and orders will be charged accordingly.</p> <p><strong>ISSN: 1823-4356 | </strong><strong>e-ISSN: 2637-0328</strong></p> <p><strong>Indexed in:</strong></p> <p><strong><img src="" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><img src="" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><img src="" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="202" height="46" /></a></strong><img src="" alt="" width="202" height="46" /></p> <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="1131" height="180" /></a></p> Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia en-US Maʿālim al-Qurʾān wa al-Sunnah 1823-4356 <div class="copyright_notice"> <p>The copyright of this article will be vested to author(s) and granted the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under the <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license</strong>, unless otherwise stated.</p> </div> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</p> PENDEKATAN PENGAJARAN AL-QURAN BUAT WARGA EMAS MENURUT HADITH RASULULLAH ﷺ <p>Quranic classes are one of the available options for the elderly. However, there is a worrying trend where only the same students are registering for these classes, and even their number is declining. This situation is seen not only in mosques but also in welfare homes for the elderly. Investigations have revealed various contributing factors for this phenomenon. For example, the approach used by teachers is not appropriate to the levels of physical, cognitive, and psychological abilities of the elderly. Therefore, this study aims to propose a specific approach to teaching al-Quran for the elderly based on the hadiths of Prophet Muhammad PBUH. The library research method was used to select the hadiths that can be used as a reference in developing a suitable aproach for Quran teachers who teach the elderly. Using an appropriate approach for the elderly is imperative, as the wrong approach will discourage them from studying the Quran, ultimately leading to withdrawal from the classes.</p> Shah Rizul Izyan Zulkiply Noornajihan Jaafar Nurul Asiah Fasehah Mohammad Mohd Shamsul Hakem B Abd Samad Copyright (c) 2022 Shah Rizul Izyan Zulkiply, Noornajihan Jaafar, Nurul Asiah Fasehah Mohammad, Mohd Shamsul Hakem B Abd Samad 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 1 18 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.325 شبهات جولد تسيهر حول تفسير ابن عباس من خلال كتاب "مذاهب التفسير الإسلامي" عرض ونقد <p>Goldziher’s studies are among the important orientalist works of the 20th century that focused on criticisms of the Islamic heritage. His book <em>Die richtungen der Islamischen koranauslegung</em> is a specialised study on the history of Quranic exegesis in Islamic intellectual tradition. He raised several suspicions regarding the interpretation of Ibn Abbas, the companion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). This study analysed and responded to these suspicions by collecting the sayings of Goldziher pertaining to Ibn Abbas according to the inductive method and then analysing and criticising them using analytical and critical approaches. The study concludes that Goldziher had a selective approach in dealing with the narratives in which he disregarded the scientific methodology for scrutinising and criticising narratives, besides making claims without evidence to serve his goals.</p> Odeh Abdullah Hadi B. Sabri Copyright (c) 2022 Odeh Abdullah, Hadi B. Sabri 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 19 46 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.336 MANHAJ KRITIKAN MUḤADDITHŪN TERHADAP RIWAYAT SIRAH DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM PENULISAN SIRAH <p>Efforts in preserving the hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) obligate the hadith scholars to filter narrations attributed to the Prophet (PBUH), including those on his biography. These efforts have given birth to a methodology used to criticise the narrations since the days of the companions. However, applying the methodology to narrations pertaining to the biography of the Prophet (PBUH) or the sīrah has been a challenging task given the multitude of narrations that do not meet the criteria of acceptance by the <em>muḥaddithun</em> that infiltrate the knowledge of sīrah. Thus, this paper aims to scrutinise the methods of criticising hadiths employed by hadith scholars and the application of these methods on the works on sīrah. A qualitative study was conducted by collecting data from the major works on hadiths and sīrah. The finding demonstrates that the <em>muḥaddithun</em>’s critiques of the sīrah narrations are based on the critiques on sanad and matan. In applying the method, it is imperative to be <em>murunah</em>. This is done by placing each narration at its correct position by prioritising authentic and <em>ḥasan</em> hadiths, in addition to being <em>tasahul</em> on the permissible aspects based on the prescribed discipline.</p> <p> </p> Fadzlan Abd Kadir Roshimah Shamsudin Copyright (c) 2022 Fadzlan Abd Kadir, Roshimah Shamsudin Shamsudin 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 47 70 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.338 حديث علي بن أبي طالب في النهي عن قراءة الجنب القرآن <p>This research deals with the study of a hadith narrated by Ali, the companion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): “Allah’s Messenger would recite the Qur’an in all conditions, as long as he was not in the state of sexual impurity.” In determining the correct ruling for this hadith, different chains of the same narration were collected pertaining to the companions who narrated this hadith. The key narrator and other significant narrators of the hadith were identified, and their details were collected. The hidden defects, if any, were discussed by quoting contemporary hadith critics and scholars. The reason for considering the hadith was explained, supported by the most correct views, and opinions of scholars on the issue of reciting the Qur’an while one is in the state of <em>janaba</em> (sexually impure) were discussed. The research also clarified the overall meaning of this hadith and some rulings that were deduced from it. It was found that the hadith has other chains of narration with varying degrees of validity and weakness and that there are some differences in its wording. After studying the chains of transmission, evaluating the narrators of the hadith, and explaining the hidden defects in the narration, it became clear that this hadith lies between acceptance and rejection. Some imams see it permissible to recite the Qur’an while one is in the state of janaba while others think that it is prohibited, and each group has their evidence, which is presented and discussed in this research.</p> Hawwa Hamza Abd al-Samee M. al-Aniess Copyright (c) 2022 Hawwa Hamza, Abd al-Samee M. al-Aniess 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 71 89 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.346 ظاهرة التسكين والتحريك في اللغة العربية، دراسة تحليلية لبعض ألفاظ القرآن والحديث <p>A significant and distinctive phenomenon in the Arab’s speak is placing diacritics on a word (<em>tahreek</em>) or a stop at the end of a word (<em>taskeen</em>). This phenomenon manifests in Arabic words in various texts such as Qur’an, hadith, and poetry. The main objective of this research is to explain the nature of this linguistic phenomenon and its multiple reasons whether due to the speakers themselves or arising from the circumstances surrounding them such as environment, society, and culture. The research also explains the tribes who had this phenomenon and the reason of its appearance among them. The research selected a group of words from Qur’an and hadiths in which this linguistic phenomenon occurred and subjected these words to a linguistic and semantic analysis based on two basic approaches: descriptive approach and analytical approach. Knowing the linguistic phenomenon will help Qur’an and hadith readers understand the connotations and meanings contained within the text.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> A significant and distinctive phenomenon in the Arab’s speak is placing diacritics on a word (Tahreek) or a stop at the end of a word (Taskeen). This phenomenon manifested in Arabic words in various texts such as Qur’an, Hadith and poetry. The main reason for this research is to explain the nature of this linguistic phenomenon and its multiple reasons, whether reasons were the speakers themselves or due to the circumstances surrounding them like environment, society and culture. The research will also explain tribes who had this phenomenon and the reason of its appearance among them. The research selects a group of words from Qur’an and Hadith in which this linguistic phenomenon occurred, and will analyzes these words in a linguistic and semantic analysis based on two basic approaches: Descriptive Approach and Analytical Approach, in order to reach important results; Including: knowing the linguistic phenomena helps Qur’an and Hadith reader to understand the connotations and meanings mentioned in them.</p> <p> </p> Omar Bin Mohammad Din Athera Thaer Abdul Hafiz Abdul Ghani Bin Mohammad Din Abduloh Usof Copyright (c) 2022 Omar Bin Mohammad Din, Athera Thaer Abdul Hafiz, Abdul Ghani Bin Mohammad Din, Abduloh Usof 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 90 111 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.349 المرويات ذات الأثر في الخلاف في قصة أصحاب الكهف من خلال تفسير الطبري دراسة نقدية <p>This study is an attempt to scrutinise the narrations that have an impact on authenticity, which al-Tabari mentioned in his interpretation of the story of the Companions of the Cave. The study examined these narrations in terms of the <em>isnad</em> mentioned by al-Tabari, their agreement with the context of the verses, and the extent of anomalies in their text. Several research methods were employed for this purpose, including inductive and critical approaches. The study used the weighting rules, the most important of which are: considering the acceptance of the attribution, examining the possibility of combining statements, and considering the extent to which the statement agrees with the context of the verses. The study concludes that the context plays the most important role in arriving at the closest meaning of those sayings.</p> Hadi. B. Sabri Montaser Asmar Copyright (c) 2022 Hadi. B. Sabri, Montaser Asmar 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 112 132 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.352 KHAWAS AL-QURAAN SEBAGAI ELEMEN PELENGKAP DALAM PENGKARYAAN TERJEMAHAN AL-QURAN: KAJIAN TERHADAP KEARIFAN ‘TAFSIR AL-RAWI’ <p>The endeavour to translate the meaning of the Quran is part of a long line of outstanding contributions made by Islamic scholars, dating back to the dawn of Islam. It is consistent with the Quran’s status as <em>dustur al-hayah</em> (constitution of life) for everyone who utters the words of <em>shahdah </em>(testimony), regardless of where they are. Researchers who are looking into the evolution of the Quranic translation will discover a variety of creativity and innovation that add value to readers, particularly in terms of increasing their understanding and appreciation of the verses' literal and implicit meanings, as well as their desire to interact with the noble book. Based on this point, this study is an attempt to investigate and evaluate the suitability of <em>Khawas al-Quran </em>(‘theory and practicality' of the Quran) as one of the potential aspects to be used as part of the complementary components in the Quranic translation. Alike to <em>Fadail al-Quran</em>, <em>Khawas al-Quran</em> appeals to the Muslim community to be committed and perform good deeds in accordance with particular surahs and verses in the al-Quran since it has a reward factor in the form of certain rewards or benefits to its practitioners. Thus, based on Tuan Guru Haji Yusof Bin Abdullah al- Rawi's unique contribution through his work <em>Tafsir al-Rawi</em>, this study will assess and evaluate the prospective application of <em>Khawas al-Quran</em> elements as part of the complementary components of the Quranic translation. This is a literature review that employs text analysis on relevant sources, with the book Tafsir al-Rawi serving as the primary source, followed by the main books of <em>Ulum al-Quran</em>, tafsir, and the most recent research materials such as journal articles, theses, research reports, and other related materials. The wisdom of the author of this book in the field of study linked to <em>Khawas al-Quran</em> is one of the key findings from this study. He was constantly able to present this feature in the majority of the surahs interpreted, earning <em>Khawas al-Quran</em> priority position as a component of complementary elements in Quranic translation.</p> Adnan Mohamed Yusoff Muhammad Arif Musa Ahmad Sanusi Azmi Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Arif Musa, Adnan Mohamed Yusoff, Ahmad Sanusi Azmi 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 133 153 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.354 "أَوْجَزُ الْمَسَالِك إلى مُوطَّأ مالكٍ" للشَّيخ محمَّد زكريا الكانْدَهْلَوِيّ دراسةٌ حديثيةٌ نقديةٌ <p>All books with the title of <em>Muwaṭṭāʿ</em> are considered significant books of the prophetic traditions. Similarly, Imām Mālik’s <em>Muwaṭṭāʿ</em> is conceived as one of the great hadith manuals because it embodies both the prophetic traditions and Islamic legal approach. It compiles the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), views of the companions, and legal verdicts (<em>fatāwā</em>) issued by <em>tābi‘ūn.</em> Throughout history since the beginning of Islam, many scholars have been writing commentaries, either detailed or short ones, on this <em>magnum opus. </em>One of the invaluable and detailed works was by Shayikh Muḥammad Zakariyyā Kandhalavi, known as <em>Awjaz al-masālik ’ilā Muwaṭṭāʿ</em> <em>mālik. </em>This book gathers useful and relevant excerpts from hadith and <em>fiqh </em>manuals and other rich information. The present work examined this important book from the hadith perspective and highlights its features that are useful for hadith scholars. The researcher adopted a three-pronged method: (1) the inductive method covering the life and works of Kandhelavi, either published or not published yet; (1) the descriptive method to elaborate the characteristics of his works in the hadith field; and (3) the critical method to examine <em>Awjaz al-masālik</em>. The study is intended to highlight the book’s features as compared to other commentaries of <em>Muwaṭṭāʿ</em> and to identify loopholes, if any, in the book.</p> Syed Abdul Majid Ghouri Copyright (c) 2022 Syed Abdul Majid Ghouri 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 154 183 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.356 نولدكه ودعوى الأصل الكتابي للقرآن الكريم، قراءة نقدية <p>This article aims to investigate Theodor NÖldeke’s claim in his book entitled <em>History of the Qur’an</em> that the Qur’an has a biblical origin. This study used the thematic approach in examining the data collected from texts, ideas, and other qualitative data. Hence, NÖldeke’s sayings that are directly related to the topic were collected, and the analytical and critical approaches were used on the texts. The researcher applied the internal criticism method to NÖldeke’s contradictory sayings in his book. This article has two major findings: (1) NÖldeke deems Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as the author of the Qur’an and (2) consequently, Nöldeke believes that the Prophet (PBUH) derived the Qur’anic text from the views of the people of the book who inhabited the Arab peninsula. Thus, NÖldeke associates the origin of any aspects of the Qur’an or revelations to the Aramics and the Hebrews, among others. NÖldeke uses this assocation as a basis to claim that the Qur’an is of the biblical origin, and hence, Islam is a derivative form of Christianity. He interprets the originality of all commonalities among the religions to the Jews, neglecting that all these commonalities originate from the same source. NÖldeke makes numerous attempts to prove that the Qur’an has a biblical heritage while simultaneously contradicting himself. He negates his statements by indicting that the Prophet (PBUH) never came into contact with the holy books of the Jews and the Christians. Finally, the article shows that even though NÖldeke’s book is acclaimed, it is in fact full of contradictions.</p> Abdulrehman Omar Mohammad Spendari Copyright (c) 2022 Abdulrehman Mohammad 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 184 209 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.357 الأحاديث العقدية الواردة في الحوار بعد البعثة والهجرة النبوية جمعاً وتخريجاً ودراسةً <p>This research aims to clarify the importance of dialogue in calling the people to God Almighty and to elucidate on the correct belief of the interlocutor by using examples from the sunnah and biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the predecessor of this nation. It also aims to demonstrate the importance of dialogue in the life of the individual, society, and nation in building positive relationships among members of the Muslim community, with other communities, and even with non-Muslims. The research also aims to collect the authentic hadiths related to dialogue in the books on the Prophet’s (PBUH) sunnah regarding the topic of faith, which is the basis of the call to God Almighty and upon which the worship of Muslims is based. This study explains the most important matters that can benefit the discerning preacher regarding the phases after the Prophet’s mission in Makkah and after the Prophet’s migration. The researcher found that the straight prophetic method is what Mulims desperately need today to clarify the word of God to the people. This article also explains the importance of dialogue in the life of a Muslim preacher and society. The dialogue conducted should follow the method of the Prophet (PBUH) by displaying gentleness and kindness besides adopting the easiest ways and means to deliver the call to the faith.</p> Majid Muhammad Abdoh Abdulrahman Hussein Obeid Copyright (c) 2022 Majid Muhammad Abdoh, Abdulrahman Hussein Obeid Obeid 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 210 231 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.358 "سورة الأحقاف" خصائصها وفضائلُها : دراسة تحليلية <p>This study examined surah al-Ahqaf, which is one of the surahs of the Holy Qur’an. The aim is to present the most important purposes and characteristics of the hadiths that mention the surah’s presence. This is to facilitate contemplation and understanding of what is meant by the surah. The study also aims to determine the extent of the correctness or incorrectness of the hadiths and attain the Qur’anic benefits from them to raise people’s awareness of the dangers of publishing <em>mawḍūʿ</em> or incorrect hadiths about surah al-Ahqaf. Further, the study seeks to clarify the consequences of indifference in those hadiths and explain the degree of reliability of the hadiths that mention the surah. The study’s findings are expected to help prevent the dissemination of incorrect hadiths about surahs in the Holy Qur’an, including surah al-Ahqaf. The researcher adopted the inductive method to collect the hadiths that mention the details of surah al-Ahqaf. The analytical method was used to extract the most important purposes and characteristics of the surah and present them in this research. The study concludes that no authentic hadith has been proven concerning this surah. Further, contemplating this surah and understanding its meanings will help individuals earn good deeds for the afterlife.</p> Samer N.A Samarh Nor Hafizi Bin Yusof Copyright (c) 2022 Samer N.A Samarh, Nor Hafizi Bin Yusof 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 18 1 232 247 10.33102/jmqs.v18i1.361