Layanan Tawanan Perang Dan Hak Asasi Manusia Menurut Metodologi Wahyu (Al-Quran Dan Al-Hadis)
Treatment of Prisoners of War and Human Rights According to the Methodology of Revelation (al-Quran and al-Hadith)
Keywords:Prophet Muhammad SAW, prisoners of war, human rights, jihad
Prisoners of war (POWs) are the result of an armed conflict between two different parties. POWs are persons captured or being held by the enemy during a war, whether they are militaries or civilians. Therefore, prisoners of war must be treated appropriately as Islam recommends. However, the treatment to POWs through the movements in the name of al-Jihad today often portrays cruel and inhumane that convey a negative image of Islam. This is because such Jihadist movements do not follow the methods shown in Islam. Thus, Prophet Muhammad SAW has shown various methods of treating POWs through revelations (al-Quran and al-Hadith) that show Islam is not a religion that oppresses POWs. This article explains the Prophet Muhammad's principles and methods of dealing with POWs. This study applied the method of library research by emphasizing the method of content analysis as the main method of data collection as well as descriptive analysis inductively and deductively to provide guidelines for the application of treatments to POWs according to the method of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. The results of the study concluded that the methods used were the prohibition of torturing or killing prisoners, good treatment, parole or not, the death penalty, beating prisoners, the treatment of female prisoners such as the prohibition of rape and permission to marry. In general, the concept of treatments of POWs in Islam, such as the right to medical treatment, humanitarian values and security guarantees, are strongly emphasized.
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